Parmaturus xaniurus

(Gilbert, 1892)

Filetail catshark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Pentanchidae

Reference of the original description
Gilbert, C.H. (1892)
Descriptions of thirty-four new species of fishes collected in 1888 and 1889, principally among the Santa Barbara Islands and in the Gulf of California. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 14, 539–566

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Catulus xaniurus, Pristiurus xaniurus, Scyliorhinus xaniurus

Parmaturus xaniurus
Lectotype: USNM: 46719; Paralectotype: SU: 259 USNM: 125059; USNM: 46718; ZMB: 13986 (ex USNM 46718)

Description :

Citation: Parmaturus xaniurus (Gilbert, 1892): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2024

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Parmaturus xaniurus (Gilbert, 1892), © Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas (CICIMAR-IPN)
Common names
spa Gato lima, spa Pejegato lima, fra \(T\) Holbiche râpe, eng Filetail cat shark, eng Filetail catshark

Eastern Central Pacific: central California, USA to the Gulf of California. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: of no interest

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Found on the outer continental shelf and upper slope. Feeds on a variety of small fish (e.g. lanternfish) and invertebrates. Consumes mostly pelagic prey [5106]. Possesses an enlarged gill region which is an adaptation to areas with low dissolved oxygen levels.

Size / Weight / Age
45.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; [517]); 55 cm TL (female)

demersal; marine; depth range 91 - 1251 m

shark-references Species-ID=4744;