Mustelus asterias

Cloquet, 1819

Starry smooth-hound
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Triakidae

Reference of the original description
Cloquet, H. (1819)
Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles. Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, 14, 406–407

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Mustellus plebejus, Mustelus hinnulus, Mustelus plebejus, Mustelus stellatus, Squalus albomaculatus, Squalus hinnulus

Mustelus asterias
XXXX: No types known;
Mustelus plebejus
XXXX: No types known;
Mustelus stellatus
XXXX: No types known;
Squalus albomaculatus
XXXX: No types known;
Squalus hinnulus
XXXX: No types known;

Description :

Citation: Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1819: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2024

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Mustelus asterias Cloquet, 1821, Eastern Scheldt, North Sea ©Peter Verhoog, Dutch Shark Society
Common names
deu \(T\) Gefleckter Hundshai, deu \(T\) Glatthai, deu \(T\) Nördlicher Glatthai, deu \(T\) Weißgefleckter Glatthai, spa Boca blanca, spa Cazón, spa Musola dentuda, spa Musola estrellada, spa Musola pintada, spa Tollo, fra \(T\) Emissole tachetée, fra \(T\) Missole, eng Smooth-hound, eng Starry smooth hound, eng Starry smooth-hound, eng Starry smoothhound, eng Starry smoothound, ita Cagnassetto, ita Cagneto, ita Cagnoleto, ita Can bianco, ita Can pontisà, ita Cane, ita Gattone, ita Mussola, ita Nicciolo, ita Nisseua, ita Nissoa, ita Nissola grisa, ita Nocciolo stellato, ita Palombo, ita Palombo nocciolo, ita Palombo stellato, ita Palomme, ita Palumbu, ita Palumme steddate, ita Palummo stelliate, ita Palummu "mperiali, ita Palummu pintu, ita Palummu senza denti, ita Palummu stilliatu, ita Sbriglio, ita Stellotto, ita Stire, por Cação-pintado, Mazzola tat-tbajja (malta)

Short Description
Diagnosis after Compagno, 1984 [517]: Body fairly slender. Head short, prepectoral length 13 to 17% of total length; snout moderately long and bluntly angular in lateral view, preoral snout 5.4 to 7.2% of total length, preorbital snout 5.7 to 7.2% of total length; internarial space fairly narrow, 2 to 2.6% of total length; eyes large, eye length 1.6 to 2.2 times in preorbital snout and 2.5 to 4.1% of total length; interorbital space relatively narrow, 3.4 to 4.5% of total length; mouth relatively short, subequal or smaller than eye length, its length 2.2 to 3.5% of total length; upper labial furrows considerably longer than lowers, upper furrows 1.8 to 2.5% of total length; teeth molariform and asymmetric, with cusp reduced to a low point, cusplets absent except in very young sharks; buccopharyngeal denticles covering entire palate and floor of mouth. Interdorsal space 19 to 25% of total length; trailing edges of dorsal fins denticulate, without bare ceratotrichia; pectoral fins moderate-sized, length of anterior margins 12 to 16% of total length, width of posterior margins 7.8 to 13% of total length; pelvic anterior margins 6.6 to 9.1% of total length; anal height 2.4 to 3.9% of total length; anal-caudal space usually greater than second dorsal height, 6.8 to 11% of total length; ventral caudal lobe not falcate in adults. Crowns of lateral trunk denticles broadly lanceolate, with longitudinal ridges extending at least half their lengths. Skeleton not hypercalcified in adults; palatoquadrates not subdivided; monospondylous precaudal centra 36 to 40, diplospondylous precaudal centra 49 to 61, precaudal centra 90 to 100. Colour grey or grey-brown, above, light below, usually with numerous small white spots on sides and back, but without dark spots or dark bars. Development ovoviviparous. Size large, adults 80 to 140 cm.

Northeast Atlantic: British Isles and North Sea to Canary Islands, including the Mediterranean and Mauritania. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk [733].

Size / Weight / Age
140 cm TL (male/unsexed; [517]); max. published weight: 4,760 g (Ref. 4699)

demersal; marine; depth range ? - 350 m [17687]

shark-references Species-ID=3781;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Ptychogonimus megastomum (Rudolphi, 1819) [30772]

  • Acanthocheilus rotundatus (Rudolphi, 1819) [30772]
  • Proleptus obtusus Dujardin, 1845 [30772]
  • Proleptus sp. [9358]