Mobula hypostoma

(Bancroft, 1831)

Lesser devil ray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Mobulidae

Reference of the original description
Bancroft, E.N. (1831)
On several fishes of Jamaica. Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London, 1: 134–135

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Aodon hypostomus, Cephaloptera olfersii, Cephaloptera rochebrunei, Cephalopterus hypostomus, Ceratobatis robertsi, Ceratobatis robertsii, Dicerobatis olfersii, Dicerobatus olfersii, Mobula cf. hypostoma, Mobula olfersi, Mobula olfersii, Mobula robertsi, Mobula rochebrunei, Mobula rochebruni, Mobula rochebrunnei

Mobula hypostoma

Cephaloptera olfersii
Syntype: MNHN: 9966; ZMB: ?31637 ZMB: 31636 (ex ZMB 8923)
Ceratobatis robertsii
Holotype: BMNH: 1897.7.1.40
Mobula rochebrunei
Holotype: MNHN: A-9967;

Description :

Citation: Mobula hypostoma (Bancroft, 1831): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 03/2024

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Mobula hypostoma (Bancroft, 1831) © Andy Murch Elasmodiver
Common names
spa Diablo, spa Manta, spa Manta chica, spa Manta del Golfo, spa Manta enana, spa Manta negra, spa Raya, fra \(T\) Diable géant, fra \(T\) Mante diable, eng Atlantic devil ray, eng Devil Ray, eng Lesser devil ray, eng Manta, eng Manta ray, eng Small devilfish, por Jamanta

Short Description
Cephalic fins smaller, tail longer without spine [17658]. Upper surface black [199].

Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA [17658] to Santos, Brazil [20078] and Argentina [5839]. Eastern Atlantic: St. Paul"quot;s Rocks [5002]. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Copulation has been observed to be in a venter to venter position while the pair swims at the surface. Mating reported to last 10 minutes. Litter number 1 [1658]. Occurs in shallow coastal waters. Feeds mainly on planktonic crustaceans but may take small schooling fishes. Found singly, in small groups, and in schools.

Size / Weight / Age
120 cm WD (male/unsexed; [17658])

pelagic-neritic; marine

shark-references Species-ID=3747; CITES: (see: Protected Species for more details) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Speciesof Wild Fauna and Flora annex: II; Council Regulation 2017/160 annex: B

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Mobulicola dubium (Euzet & Maillard, 1967) [19642]
  • Mobulicola enantiomorphica Patella & Bullard, 2013 [19642]