Deania calceus

(Lowe, 1839)

Birdbeak dogfish
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Centrophoridae

Reference of the original description
Lowe, R.T. (1839)
A supplement to a synopsis of the fishes of Madeira. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 7, 76–92

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Acanthidium aciculatum, Acanthidium calceus, Acanthidium eglantina, Acanthidium eglantinum, Acanthidium hystricosum, Acanthidium rostratum, Centrophorus calceus, Centrophorus crepidalbus, Centrophorus hystricosus, Centrophorus kaikourae, Centrophorus rostratus, Deania aciculata, Deania aff. calcea, Deania aff. calceus, Deania calcea, Deania calceus calceus, Deania cf. calcea, Deania crepidalbus, Deania eglantina, Deania histricosa, Deania hystricosa, Deania hystricosum, Deania kaikourae, Deania mauli, Deania rostrata, Deania (Centrophorus) calceus

Deania calceus
Holotype: XXXX: not BMNH 1861.5.19.33
Acanthidium aciculatum
Holotype: MCZ: 1128-S (ex Owston #9046)
Acanthidium rostratum
Holotype: MCZ: 1047-S (ex Owston #8396)
Centrophorus crepidalbus
Syntype: BMNH: 1867.7.23.1 (from Bocage); MNHN: 4801; ZMB: 6471;
Centrophorus kaikourae
Holotype: CMC: lost
Deania eglantina
Holotype: USNM: 49524;
Deania hystricosa
Holotype: MCZ: 1130-S (old: Owston #7784) (missing)
Deania mauli
Holotype: MNHN: not researched; Paratype: MNHN: 1969-0300; MNHN: 1969-0299; MNHN: 1969-0298; MNHN: ? (not 1969-0296); MNHN: AB-0264 (ex MNHN 1965-0143);

Description :

Citation: Deania calceus (Lowe, 1839): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 03/2024

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Deania calceus (Lowe, 1839), off Chile © L. Ignacio Contreras, Laboratorio de Zoología de Vertebrados, Facultad de Ciencias, U. de Chile
Common names
deu \(T\) Langschnäuziger Hundshai, deu \(T\) Schnabeldornhai, spa Lija, spa Pico pato, spa Tollo pajarito, spa Tollo picudo, spa Zapata, fra \(T\) Squale savate, eng Birdbeak dogfish, eng Brier shark, eng Deepwater dogfish, eng Dorian Grey, eng Dorian grey shark, eng Platypus shark, eng Roughskin dogfish, eng Shovel nosed shark, eng Shovelnose dogfish, eng Shovelnose spiny dogfish, eng Thompsons deepsea dogfish, eng Thompsons shark, por Pife, por Pífaro, por Sapata, por Tutia

Short Description
A longnose dogfish with a long, 1st dorsal fin and no subcaudal keel [536]. Grey-brownish in color (Ref. 6577).

Eastern Atlantic: Iceland along Atlantic slope to Algoa Bay, South Africa [518] (Ref. 5578). Western Pacific: southern Honshu in Japan, southern Australia, New Zealand. Occurrence in the Western Central Pacific uncertain [544]. Eastern Pacific: southern Chile to northern Peru (Ref. 38549). Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species

Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk [733]. Young possibly number 6 to 12 in a litter, as these were the number of fertilized eggs found in the uteri of some specimens [518]. Size at birth 29 to 34 cm [578]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Found on the outer continental and insular shelves and upper slopes [518]. Usually on or near the bottom but sometimes found well above it [536]. Feeds on pelagic bony fish, squid, octopus and shrimp [536].

Size / Weight / Age
122 cm TL (male/unsexed; [578])

bathydemersal; marine; depth range 60 - 1490 m [578], usually 400 - 1400 m [20048]

tooth formula (upper/lower): 11-17/12-16 [1131];

Links: SEM-images of teeth

shark-references Species-ID=1938; correct ending is "-us" not "-a", following Art. 31.2.1. ICZN (31.2.1. A species-group name that is a simple or compound noun (or noun phrase) in apposition need not agree in gender with the generic name with which it is combined (the original spelling is to be retained, with gender ending unchanged; see Article 34.2.1)).

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)