Rhinobatos rhinobatos

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Common guitarfish
Classification: Elasmobranchii Rhinopristiformes Rhinobatidae

Reference of the original description
Linné, C. (1758)
Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, regnum animale, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus differentiis synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Stockholm, Laurentii Salvii, 824pp.

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Leiobatus panduratus, Leiobatus pauduratus, Raia rhinobates, Raia rhinobatus, Raia rinobatos, Raia squatinoraia, Raia (Syrrhina) columnae, Raja rhinobates, Raja rhinobatos, Raja rhinobatus, Rhinobatis columnae, Rhinobatis duhameli, Rhinobatos columnae, Rhinobatos rhinobatus, Rhinobatos (Rhinobatos) rhinobatos, Rhinobatus colomnae, Rhinobatus columnae, Rhinobatus duhameli, Rhinobatus mediterraneus, Rhinobatus panduratus, Rhinobatus rhinobatus, Rhinobatus (Syrrhina) columnae, Squatinoraja colonna

Rhinobatos rhinobatos
Syntype: NRM: 9048;
Leiobatus pauduratus
Holotype: XXXX: No types known;
Rhinobatus columnae
Syntype: ANSP: 476 (old: Bonaparte 228, ANSP 476-477);

Description :

Citation: Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Linnaeus, 1758): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras, www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2024

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Rhinobatos rhinobatos (Linnaeus, 1758), © FAO, www.fish-base.org
Common names
deu \(T\) Geigenrochen, deu \(T\) Gemeiner Geigenrochen, deu \(T\) Gewöhnlicher Geigenrochen, deu \(T\) Glattrochen, deu \(T\) Hairochen, spa Guitarra, spa Guitarra común, spa Manta, spa Picudos, spa Rayón, fra \(T\) Guitare, fra \(T\) Poisson-guitare commun, fra \(T\) Rhinobate commun, fra \(T\) Rhinobate commun de la Méditerranée, eng Common guitarfish, eng Common mediterranean guitarfish, eng Common violinfish, eng Guitarfish, eng Lengthened shape, eng Mediterranean longnose, ita Calascione, ita Catarre, ita Chetarre, ita Galascioene, ita Mandolino, ita Pesce chitarra, ita Pesce violino, ita Pesce viuline, ita Pesciu chitara, ita Pisci chitarra, ita Pisci viulinu, ita Quatra viuline, ita Squadre, ita Squadru monicu, ita Squotre, ita Viulinu, por Cassapai, por Guitarra, por Rabeca, por Raia-tubarão, por Viola

Short Description
Rostral ridges widely separated over their entire length; anterior nasal lobe reaching to level of inner corner of nostril, posterior nasal flap wide; spiracle with two moderately developed folds, the outer one more prominent; thorns relatively small, present around inner margin of orbits, between spiracles, on shoulders, and along midline of disc and tail; Upper surface khaki-brown, underside white (Ref. 6675).

Eastern Atlantic: southern Bay of Biscay to Angola, including Mediterranean Sea. Source: www.gbif.org

Human uses
fisheries: commercial

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. One or two litters per year, of 4-10 embryos (Ref. 6675)

Size / Weight / Age
100.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; [20075])

demersal; brackish; marine; depth range ? - 100 m [1658]

shark-references Species-ID=5972;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Calicotyle vicina Neifar, Euzet & Ben Hassine, 2001 [18056] [31118]
  • Neoheterocotyle ktarii Neifar, Euzet & Ben Hassine, 2001 [18056] [31118]

  • Eudactylina rhinobati Raibaut & Essafi, 1979 [16609]
  • Lepeophtheirus acutus Heegaard, 1943 [26451]