Mobula munkiana

Notarbartolo Di Sciara, 1987

Munk's devil ray
Classification: Elasmobranchii Myliobatiformes Mobulidae

Reference of the original description
Notarbartolo Di Sciara, G. (1987)
A revisionary study of the genus Mobula Rafinesque, 1810 (Chondrichthyes: Mobulidae), with the description of a new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 91(1), 1–91

Image of the original description
Image in copyright.

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Mobula cf. munkiana

Mobula munkiana
Holotype: SIO: 84-29; Paratype: SIO: 85-34; SIO: 53-178-6A; SIO: 84-29; SIO: 85-35;

Description :

Citation: Mobula munkiana Notarbartolo Di Sciara, 1987: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2024

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Mobula munkiana Notarbartolo Di Sciara, 1987 © Marta D. Palacios, Mexico
Common names
spa Diabolo manta, spa Manta chica, spa Manta de Munk, spa Manta violácea, fra \(T\) Mante de Munk, eng Munk"s devil ray, eng Pygmy devil ray, eng Smoothtail mobula

Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California, Ecuador, and the Galapagos Islands. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: commercial

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures [733]. Pelagic species forming schools in coastal and oceanic waters, but also found near the bottom. Found singly, in small groups, or in schools [1658]. Feeds mainly on planktonic crustaceans, but also takes small schooling fishes.

Size / Weight / Age
220 cm WD (male/unsexed; [16090])

pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range 15 - 15 m (Ref. 58018)

shark-references Species-ID=3757; CITES: (see: Protected Species for more details) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Speciesof Wild Fauna and Flora annex: II; Council Regulation 2017/160 annex: B

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Anaporrhutum euzeti Curran, Blend & Overstreet, 2003 [23771]