Lamna nasus

(Bonnaterre, 1788)

Classification: Elasmobranchii Lamniformes Lamnidae

Reference of the original description
Bonnaterre, J.P. (1788)
Ichthyologie. Tableau encyclopédique et méthodique des trois règnes de la nature. Paris, 215 p., pl. A–B + 1–100.

Image of the original description

Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788)

Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharias cornubicus, Isurus cornubicus, Isurus nasus, Isurus (Lamna) nasus, Isurus (Lamna) philippii, Lamna cf. nasus, Lamna cornubica, Lamna cornubicus, Lamna monensis, Lamna pennanti, Lamna philippi, Lamna philippii, Lamna whitely, Lamna whitleyi, Lamna (Oxyrhina) cornubica, Selanonius walkeri, Squalus cambricus, Squalus cornubicus, Squalus cornubiensis, Squalus lelanonius, Squalus monensis, Squalus nasus, Squalus pennanti, Squalus selanonus

Lamna nasus
XXXX: No types known;
Lamna philippii
XXXX: No types known;
Squalus cornubicus
XXXX: No types known;
Squalus monensis
XXXX: No types known;
Squalus pennanti
XXXX: No types known;
Squalus selanonus
Syntype: College of Edinburgh: ?, Lochfyne College of Edinburgh: ?, Zetland

Description :

Citation: Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2024

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Lamna nasus (Bonnaterre, 1788); © FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ebert, D.A. 2014. On Board Guide for the Identification of Pelagic Sharks and Rays of the Western Indian Ocean. Reproduced with permission, illustration by Marc Dando , Wildlife Illustrator
Common names
deu \(T\) Heringshai, deu \(T\) Kalbfisch, spa Cailón, spa Cailón marrajo, spa Marrajo, spa Marrajo sardinero, spa Moka, fra \(T\) Maraîche, fra \(T\) Requin-taupe commun, eng Beaumaris shark, eng Blue dog, eng Mackerel shark, eng Porbeagle, eng Porbeagle shark, eng Porbeale shark, ita Cagnizza, ita Smeriglio, por Anequim, por Arrequim, por Cação, por Marracho, por Peixe-cão, por Sardo, por Tubarâo-sardo, Pixxiplamtu (malta)

Short Description
A stout, spindle-shaped shark with large black eyes, a sharp, conical snout, and small, smooth-edged, narrow teeth with side cusps [536]. Dark grey above, white below, without blotches (Ref. 6581); rear tip of 1st dorsal abruptly white [536].

Circumglobal: In subtropical to temperate waters. Western Atlantic: Newfoundland, Canada to New Jersey USA; possibly southern Brazil to Argentina. Eastern Atlantic: Iceland and western Barents Sea to South Africa, including the Mediterranean. Southwest Pacific: Australia and New Zealand. Southeast Pacific: Chile. Southern Ocean: off South Georgia and the Kerguelen Islands. Indian Ocean [1388]. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding on other ova produced by the mother (oophagy) after the yolk sac is absorbed [733]. 1-5 in a litter [1388]. Size at birth 70-80 cm [1388]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).

Size / Weight / Age
350 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645)); max. published weight: 230.0 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 30 years [518]

pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range 0 - 715 m [578]

Tooth formula (upper/lower): 22-31/24-29

Links: SEM-images of teeth

shark-references Species-ID=3431; CITES: (see: Protected Species for more details) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Speciesof Wild Fauna and Flora annex: II; Council Regulation 2017/160 annex: B

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Eimeria gigantea (Labbé, 1896) Reichenow, 1921 [32027]

  • Ascaris pachydenna Stossich, 1902 [17029]

  • Natatolana borealis (Lilljeborg, 1851) [9358]