Euprotomicroides zantedeschia

Hulley & Penrith, 1966

Taillight shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Squaliformes Dalatiidae

Reference of the original description
Hulley, P.A. & Penrith, M.J. (1966)
Euprotomicroides zantedeschia, a new genus and species of pigmy dalatiid shark from South Africa. Bulletin of Marine Science, 16(2), 222–229

Image of the original description

Euprotomicroides zantedeschia nov. gen. nov. sp. Figures 1-4 of the original description of Hulley & Penrith, 1966 © Hulley & Penrith, 1966

Euprotomicroides zantedeschia
Holotype: SAM: 23577;

Description :

Citation: Euprotomicroides zantedeschia Hulley & Penrith, 1966: In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2024

Please send your images of "Euprotomicroides zantedeschia" to

Euprotomicroides zantedeschia almost mature male, 455 mm TL, AtlantNIRO No. 23075. A: Lateral view; B: Dorsal view © Matthias F.W. Stehmann, ICHTHYS, Ichthyological Research Laboratory & Consultant, Hamburg, Germany
Common names
spa Tollo rabo claro, fra \(T\) Squale à queue claire, eng Taillight shark

Short Description
Anterior nasal flaps very short, not expanded into barbels; snout moderately long, compressed and conical, length about 2/5 of head length and less than distance from mouth to pectoral–fin origins; gill openings increasing in size from front to back, fifth over twice length of first; lips thick, fringed, but not suctorial; teeth strongly different in upper and lower jaws, uppers small, with narrow, acute, erect cusps and no cusplets, not bladelike, lowers much larger, bladelike, interlocked, with a high, broad, nearly erect cusp and distal blade, edges not serrated; tooth rows 29 upper jaw, 34 lower jaw. Both dorsal fins spineless; first dorsal–fin origin well behind free rear tips of pectoral fins, insertion about equidistant between pectoral and pelvic–fin bases and well ahead of pelvic–fin origins; second dorsal fin somewhat larger than first, base less than 1.5 times length of first dorsal–fin base; origin of second dorsal fin well ahead of pelvic–fin origins; pectoral fins with greatly expanded, broadly lobate free rear tips and inner margins, much as in chimaeras; caudal fin asymmetrical, not paddle–shaped, upper lobe long, lower lobe moderately long subterminal notch well–developed. No precaudal pits or lateral keels on caudal peduncle, but with a midventral keel. Dermal denticles flat and block–like, not pedicellate, no posterior cusps on flat, depressed crowns. Cloaca greatly expanded and modified as a luminous gland with secretory papillae. Vertebral counts and spiral valve turn counts not available. Colour: blackish brown with conspicuous light fin margins. [22775].

Southeast Atlantic: off Cape Town, South Africa. Southwest Atlantic: off Uruguay and Argentina [5839], near Juan Fernandez Island, Chile [24466]

Human uses
fisheries: of no interest

Distinct pairing with embrace [17086].

Size / Weight / Age
51.5 cm TL adult female, 45.5 cm subadult male [24466]

benthopelagic; marine; depth range -641 m [22775]

tooth formula (upper/lower): 14-15/17 [1131]; 14+1+14/14+1+14 [24466]

Links: SEM-images of teeth

shark-references Species-ID=2251;