Carcharhinus longimanus

(Poey, 1861)

Oceanic whitetip shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae

Reference of the original description
Poey, F. (1858)
Memorias sobra la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba, acompañadas de sumarios Latinos y extractos en Francés. Tomo 2. La Habana. Vluda de Barcina, Havana, 2: 1–442, pls 1–19

Image of the original description

Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861)

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus aff. longimanus, Carcharhinus cf. longimanus, Carcharhinus maou, Carcharias insularum, Carcharias longimanus, Carcharias maou, Carcharias obtusus, Carcharias (Prionodon) cf. lamia, Carcharias (Prionodon) lamia, Carcharias (Prionodon) maou, Carcharias (Prionodon) obtusus, Carcharinus longimanus, Carcharinus maou, Eulamia longimana, Eulamia longimanus, Prionodon lamia, Pterolamiops budkeri, Pterolamiops insularum, Pterolamiops longimanus, Pterolamiops magnipinnis, Pterolamiops (Carcharhinus) longimanus, Squalus longimanus, Squalus (Carcharias) maou, Squalus (Carcharinus) maou

Carcharhinus longimanus
XXXX: No types known;
Carcharias insularum
Holotype: USNM: 50859; Paratype: SU: 12788 SU: 12789
Carcharias (Prionodon) obtusus
XXXX: No types known;
Pterolamiops budkeri
XXXX: No types known;
Pterolamiops magnipinnis
Holotype: SAIAB: 126;

Description :

Citation: Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2024

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Carcharhinus longimanus (Poey, 1861), © FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ebert, D.A. 2014. On Board Guide for the Identification of Pelagic Sharks and Rays of the Western Indian Ocean. Reproduced with permission, illustration by Marc Dando , Wildlife Illustrator
Common names
deu \(T\) Hochsee-Weißspitzenhai, deu \(T\) Weißspitzen-Riffhai, deu \(T\) Weißspitzenhai, spa Cazón, spa Galano, spa Tiburon oceanico, spa Tiburón, spa Tiburón pardo, fra \(T\) Rameur, fra \(T\) Requin blanc, fra \(T\) Requin canal, fra \(T\) Requin océan, fra \(T\) Requin océanique, fra \(T\) Requin à aileron blanc, fra \(T\) Requin à nageoires rondes, fra \(T\) Requin à pointes, eng Brown Milbert"s sand bar shark, eng Brown shark, eng Nigano shark, eng Oceanic white tip shark, eng Oceanic white-tip shark, eng Oceanic white-tipped whaler, eng Oceanic whitetip shark, eng Shark, eng White-tip shark, eng Whitetip, eng Whitetip shark, eng Whitetip whaler, ita Squalo alalunga, por Galha-branca, por Marracho, por Marracho oceánico, por Marracho-de-pontas-brancas, por Tubarão, por Tubarão-de-pontas-brancas

Short Description
A stocky shark with a huge, rounded 1st dorsal fin, and long, wide-tipped pectoral fins; snout bluntly rounded; upper teeth triangular; interdorsal ridge present [536]. Back usually dark grey with a bronze tinge, sometimes brown or bluish; belly whitish, sometimes with a yellow tinge; tips off first dorsal, pectorals, and lower lobe of caudal often white or with white spots (sometimes absent); ventral surface of pelvic fins, apices of anal and second dorsal, and ventral lobe of caudal often with black spots; black or dusky saddle-marks in front of second dorsal, upper margin of caudal and between dorsal fins (especially in young) [544].

Cosmopolitan [20078]. Western Atlantic: Maine, USA to Argentina; also in Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean [17659]. Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Gulf of Guinea; possibly occurring in the Mediterranean. Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Hawaiian, Samoan, Tahiti and Tuamoto islands. Eastern Pacific: southern California, USA to Peru, including the Galapagos. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea [20076].
First record: 2019: New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific Ocean [27359] Source:

Human uses
fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes

Viviparous, placental [733]. Litter size 1-15 pups; 60-65 cm at birth [517]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154).

Size / Weight / Age
396 cm TL (male/unsexed; [17644]); max. published weight: 167.4 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 22 years [2246]

pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range 0 - 230 m [17640], usually 0 - 152 m (Ref. 55185)

shark-references Species-ID=776; CITES: (see: Protected Species for more details) Convention on International Trade in Endangered Speciesof Wild Fauna and Flora annex: II; Council Regulation 2017/160 annex: B

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Didymosulcus orbitalis (Yamaguti, 1970) Pozdnyakov, 1990 [21487]
  • Torticaecum sp. [21487]