Carcharhinus amboinensis

(Müller & Henle, 1839)

Pigeye shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae

Reference of the original description
Müller, J. & Henle, F.G.J. (1841)
Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Berlin, Veit, pp. 1–200

Image of the original description

Carcharhinus amboinensis (Müller & Henle, 1839)

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus ambioensis, Carcharhinus cf. amboinensis, Carcharias amboinensis, Carcharias brachyrhynchos, Carcharias (Prionodon) amboinensis, Carcharias (Prionodon) brachyrhynchos, Carcharinus amboinensis, Eulamia philippi, Squalus (Carcharinus) amboinensis, Triaenodon obtusus

Carcharhinus amboinensis
Holotype: RMNH: D2582
Carcharias (Prionodon) brachyrhynchos
Holotype: RMNH: 7380
Eulamia philippi
XXXX: No types known;
Triaenodon obtusus
Holotype: ZSI: 2277

Description :

Citation: Carcharhinus amboinensis (Müller & Henle, 1839): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2024

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Carcharhinus amboinensis (Müller & Henle, 1839), © Randall, J.E,
Common names
spa Tiburón baleta, fra \(T\) Requin balestrine, eng Ambon sharpnose puffer, eng Estuary shark, eng Java shark, eng Pigeye shark, por Marracho baleta

Short Description
A massive shark with a thick-set head, a short, broad and blunt snout, small eyes and large, triangular, saw-edged upper teeth; 1st dorsal fin high and erect, at leas 3.2 times height of 2nd dorsal fin; no interdorsal ridge [536]. Grayish in color, white below; fins with dusky tips [536].

Eastern Atlantic: Nigeria. Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden, South Africa, Madagascar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea [1388], and Australia. Often confused with sympatric Carcharhinus leucas and Glyphis gangeticus but the three are distinguishable. Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Viviparous, placental [733], with 3 to 13 in a litter [544]. Size at birth about 43 to 53 cm TL [544]; 60-70 cm TL [2539]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Feeds on fish, cephalopods, crustaceans and mollusks [536].

Size / Weight / Age
280 cm TL (male/unsexed; [17644])

reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 150 m [544]

shark-references Species-ID=717;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Kudoa carcharhini Gleeson, Bennett & Adlard, 2010 [21484]

  • Callitetrarhynchus gracilis (Rudolphi, 1819) Pintner, 1931 [16112]
  • Floriceps minacanthus Campbell & Beveridge, 1987 [16277] [16112] [21718]
  • Heteronybelinia australis Palm & Beveridge, 2002 [17845] [16112]
  • Otobothrium australe Palm, 2004 [17826]
  • Otobothrium crenacolle Linton, 1890 [17826]
  • Paraorygmatobothrium sp. [25840]
  • Protogrillotia sp. [15747]
  • Scyphophyllidium sinclairtaylori (Cutmore, Bennett, Miller & Cribb, 2017) [25840]
  • Scyphophyllidium ullmanni (Cutmore, Bennett, Miller & Cribb, 2017) [25840]