Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos

(Bleeker, 1856)

Grey reef shark
Classification: Elasmobranchii Carcharhiniformes Carcharhinidae

Reference of the original description
Bleeker, P. (1856)
Carcharias (Prionodon) amblyrhynchos, eene nieuwe haaisoort, gevangen nabij het eiland Solombo. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië, 10, 467–468

Image of the original description
No image in first description.

Images of the original description (synonym)
Synonyms / new combinations and misspellings
Carcharhinus aff. amblyrhynchos, Carcharhinus amblyrhinchos, Carcharhinus amblyrhynchus, Carcharhinus cf. amblyrhynchos, Carcharias amblyrhynchos, Carcharias nesiotes, Carcharias (Prionodon) amblyrhynchos, Carcharinus amblyrhynchos, Carcharinus amblyrhynchus, Carcharinus cf. amblyrhynchus, Eulamia amblyrhynchos, Galeolamna coongoola, Galeolamna fowleri, Galeolamna tufiensis

Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos
Holotype: RMNH: 7377
Carcharias nesiotes
Holotype: USNM: 50860; Paratype: SU: 12790 SU: 32027
Galeolamna coongoola
Holotype: AMS: IB.6006; Paratype: AMS: IB.6009;
Galeolamna fowleri
Lectotype: WAM: P.2503-001 Paralectotype: WAM: ?
Galeolamna tufiensis
Holotype: AMS: IB.2334; AMS: IB.2334.001; Paratype: CSIRO: C 1677 CSIRO: C 1918 (dissected)

Description :

Citation: Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos (Bleeker, 1856): In: Database of modern sharks, rays and chimaeras,, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 07/2024

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Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos (Bleeker, 1856); © FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Ebert, D.A. 2014. On Board Guide for the Identification of Pelagic Sharks and Rays of the Western Indian Ocean. Reproduced with permission, illustration by Marc Dando , Wildlife Illustrator
Common names
spa Tiburón coralero rabinegro, spa Tiburón de arrecifes, fra \(T\) Dagsit, fra \(T\) Requin Gris de récif, fra \(T\) Requin bar, fra \(T\) Requin blanc, fra \(T\) Requin dagsit, fra \(T\) Requin gris, fra \(T\) Requin à queue noire, eng Black-vee whaler, eng Blacktail reef shark, eng Bronze whaler, eng Fowler"s whaler shark, eng Graceful shark, eng Graceful whaler shark, eng Gray reef shark, eng Grey reef shark, eng Grey shark, eng Grey whaler shark, eng Longnose blacktail shark, eng School shark, eng Shark, eng Shortnose blacktail shark, eng Whaler shark, por Marracho enlutado

Short Description
Dark grey or bronze-grey above, white below; caudal fin with a conspicuous wide black posterior margin; undersides of pectoral and pelvic fins with black tips and posterior margins, but fins otherwise not conspicuously black or white-tipped except for white-tipped first dorsal in some individuals [544].

Indo-Pacific: Madagascar and the Mauritius-Seychelles area, possibly India; also Red Sea to South Africa if Carcharhinus wheeleri is synonymized with this species. In the Pacific, it ranges from southern China to northern Australia and the Tuamoto Archipelago. First record: 2013: off Agatti Island in Lakshadweep Sea, India [17798] Source:

Human uses
fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family

Viviparous, placental [733]. 1-6 pups in a litter [517]. Gestation period about 12 months [517]. Size at birth 50 to 60 cm [578] (Ref. 37816) or 75 cm [517]. Distinct pairing with embrace [17086]. Inhabits tropical waters except regions with coral reefs [17641]. Occurs on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). A carnivor [17641].

Size / Weight / Age
255 cm TL (male/unsexed; [17644]); 172 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 33.7 kg (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 25 years (Ref. 37816)

reef-associated; oceanodromous [17660]; marine; depth range 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 55178), usually 0 - 280 m [1388]

shark-references Species-ID=715;

Parasites (arranged by Jürgen Pollerspöck)
  • Dasyrhynchus basipunctatus (Carvajal, Campbell & Cornford, 1976) [16187] [16112] [21718]
  • Dasyrhynchus variouncinatus (Pintner, 1913) [5977] [16112]
  • Floriceps minacanthus Campbell & Beveridge, 1987 [16112]
  • Grillotia amblyrhynchos Campbell & Beveridge, 1993 [16281] [16112]
  • Otobothrium parvum Beveridge & Justine, 2007 [21718]
  • Otobothrium sp. [16112]
  • Pseudogrillotia variabilis Palm, 2004 [16112]

  • Kroyeria branchioecetes Deets, 1994 [17867]
  • Lepeophtheirus acutus Heegaard, 1943 [13845]
  • Nemesis robusta (Van Beneden, 1851) [16543]
  • Pandarus floridanus Cressey, 1967 [16543]

  • Gnathia grandilaris Coetzee, Smit, Grutter & Davies, 2008 [7551]
  • Gnathia trimaculata Coetzee, Smit, Grutter & Davies, 2009 [7418]

  • Pontobdella macrothela (Schimarda, 1861) [27140]