NEWSLETTER 10/2018 08.10.2018

Please acknowledge use of the database www.shark-references.com in your publications, and cite: 

Pollerspöck, J. & Straube, N. 2018, Bibliography database of living/fossil sharks, rays and chimaeras (Chondrichthyes: Elasmobranchii, Holocephali), www.shark-references.com, World Wide Web electronic publication, Version 2018

No. of papers/references: 25,567

No. of papers in "our library" (=evaluated papers): 22,357

No. of valid/not valid species names: 17,408 (includes names of parasites)

No. of valid extant species names (without parasites): 1,243

No. of valid extinct species names: 3,345

No. of used images at www.shark-references.com4,904



We were informed that Jack Garrick passed away at the age of 90 in New Zealand. We would like to express our condolences- please find below an obituary by Clitnon Duffy:

Professor J.A.F. (Jack) Garrick, MSc, PhD NZ, FZS (1928-2018)

Clinton Duffy

As a child one of my most treasured possessions was a copy of Sharks a Reed Science Colourbook by J. A. F Garrick (A.H. & A.W. Reed, 1965). It was a small hardcover book with a dramatic, somewhat garish painting of the head of a shortfin mako on the cover. Inside was quite different. Although written for children its 32 pages were filled with facts and numerous detailed, anatomically correct paintings of living sharks going about their lives, as well as of their internal anatomy. Best of all, at the back there was an identification guide consisting of several pages of paintings of different species in lateral view. I memorized all of these. Once, while watching the weigh-in for a local fishing competition I stepped up and identified a strange black shark caught by a bemused fisher as Dalatias licha. No one believed me of course, so my father took me home to get the book. Back at the competition there was grudging acceptance that this strange creature bore some resemblance to the picture I was pointing at. The author of the book’s name was noted, a call made to Victoria University, and the following day the Wairarapa Times Age proclaimed that Professor Garrick had determined the bizarre creature to be a seal shark. It was close to 30 years before I finally got to meet the man himself. He was sitting in his lounge chatting with Eugenie Clark.

With the passing of Professor John Andrew Frank (Jack) Garrick on August 30th the marine science community lost another of its pioneers and inspirational figures. Jack studied at Victoria University of Wellington, then Victoria University College (a constituent college of the University of New Zealand), obtaining his BSc Zoology in 1950 and beginning his masters degree the following year under Professor L. R. Richardson. Richardson was one of New Zealand’s earliest deep water researchers, taking full advantage of the fact that Cook Strait is virtually on the university’s door step. Jack became deputy leader of the university’s nascent Cook Strait Project publishing the first detailed morphological descriptions of the blind electric ray Typhlonarke aysoni and co-authoring the first records of Bathytoshia lata (as Dasyatis thetidis) and the slender snipe eel (Nemichthys scolopaceus) from New Zealand before receiving his MSc in 1953 (Garrick 1951; Richardson & Garrick 1953a, b). He was appointed as a junior lecturer in 1953 and published the first three papers in what was to become a 13 part series Studies on New Zealand Elasmobranchii in 1954. These included redescription of Bathytoshia brevicaudata and description of Gollum attenuatus (Triakis attenuata n. sp.). Victoria’s deep sea research team experimented with drop lines, traps, cone nets and beam trawls, regularly fishing down to depths of 2000 m. In addition, Jack developed strong relationships with whalers and commercial fishers (most notably Richard Baxter and Fred Abernethy) who provided him with valuable specimens. Richard Baxter collaborated with him in experimental deep water line-fishing off Kaikoura, collecting the first Etmopterus spp from New Zealand waters. Other notable members of the deep sea research team included Peter Castle and John Yaldwyn (Royal Society of New Zealand 1959). The activities of the deep sea research team attracted considerable media attention, and in 1955 Jack lead a much publicised expedition to fish the margin of the Hikurangi Trench off the southeast coast, North Island, New Zealand. The expedition was cut short by illness of the owner and skipper of the vessel but not before it had confirmed the occurrence of Heptranchias perlo on Motu-o-Kura Bank. Jack was made a lecturer in 1956, and received his PhD in 1960 (thesis in Zoology, Sharks of the Suborder Squaloidea in New Zealand Waters). His taxonomic research on Squaliformes clarified species concepts and stabilised names not just in New Zealand but globally by acts such as excluding Centroscymnus plunketi from Centrophorus; describing in detail key morphological traits and ontogenetic changes in these for species such as Centrophorus squamosus, Dalatias licha, Deania calcea and Oxynotus bruniensis; and erecting Scymnodalatias for the enigmatic S. sherwoodi. He is also credited with collecting the first specimens of orange roughy (Hoplostethus atlanticus) from New Zealand waters in 1957. Jack was made a Senior Lecturer in 1963, an Associate Professor in 1966 and appointed to a Personal Chair in 1971.

Upon completing his PhD Jack went to work at the Smithsonian Institution for three years (September 1960-December 1963) on his landmark revision of Carcharhinus. This project was the brainchild of Leonard Schultz, then Curator of Fishes (Garrick 1982, 1985; Compagno & Garrick 1983). He continued work on it at the Australian Museum, Sydney, in 1969 and at the National Museum, Wellington, in 1976. Throughout this time he worked closely with John Bass, Leonard Compagno, Jeannette D'Aubrey, Stewart Springer and Victor Springer. In 1982 when the review was published little was known about most of the species in the genus due to its complex, often confused taxonomy. Jack boiled the 95 nominal species in the genus down to 24 and described an additional species C. wheeleri (subsequently synonymised with C. amblyrhynchos). In defining the limits of the genus he excluded Carcharias gangeticus, C. glyphis, C. oxyrhynchus, C. temminckii, Carcharhinus tephrodes and Carcharhinus velox and treated 13 nominal species as species dubia. Like all of his work this review is beautifully illustrated, detailed and has stood the test of time. It remains the go-to reference on the genus. Most personal copies that I have seen are tattered and falling apart due to frequent use.

Despite his academic achievements I always found Jack to be warm and approachable, either in person or correspondence. Dave Ebert wrote upon hearing of Jack’s death:

... when I was a young MSc student starting out at MLML in the early 1980s I wrote Jack a few times about hexanchoids in NZ and he very kindly wrote me back each time. I continued to correspond with him into my Ph.D. years in South Africa and again he always took the time to write back, at least until he retired.

I always appreciated that someone of his stature would take the time to reply to a grad student who was half a world away and he did not even know. It was very kind of him, especially since back then people actually had to write letters.

Following his retirement in 1986 Jack took up a rural existence in Ohaupo, just south of Hamilton, New Zealand. He lived there until May this year when failing health required he move in with family. He is survived by four children, granddad to 10 and great granddad to three.

A comprehensive list of JAF Garrick’s publications can be found at: https://shark-references.com/literature/listByAuthor/GARRICK-J.A.F./

Recognised species named by Jack:
Gollum attenuatus (Garrick, 1954)
Bathyraja richardsoni (Garrick, 1961)
Isistius plutodus Garrick & Springer, 1964
Brochiraja asperula (Garrick & Paul, 1974)
Brochiraja spinifera (Garrick & Paul, 1974)
Dipturus innominatus (Garrick & Paul, 1974)
Carcharhinus leiodon Garrick, 1985
Scymnodalatias albicauda Taniuchi & Garrick, 1986

Species named after Jack:
Aethon garricki Hewitt, 1968
Rocinela garricki Hurley, 1957
Alpheopsis garricki Yaldwyn, 1971
Leptomithrax garricki Griffin, 1966
Pseudarchaster garricki Fell, 1958
Scymnodalatias garricki Kukuev & Konovalenko, 1988
Apristurus garricki Sato, Stewart & Nakaya, 2013
Iago garricki Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979
Glyphis garricki Compagno, White & Last, 2008
Dipturus garricki (Bigelow & Schroeder, 1958)
Pachycara garricki Anderson, 1990

Compagno, L.J.V.; Garrick, J.A.F. 1983. Nasolamia, new genus, for the shark Carcharhinus velox Gilbert, 1898 (Elasmobranchii: Carcharhinidae). Zoology Publications from Victoria University of Wellington, 76 & 77: 1-16.
Garrick, J.A.F. 1951. The blind electric rays of the genus Typhlonarke (Torpedinidae). Zoology Publications from Victoria University of Wellington, 15: 1-6. 
Garrick, J.A.F. 1982. Sharks of the genus Carcharhinus. NOAA Technical Report NMFS Circular 445. U.S. Department of Commerce, Rockville. 194 pp.
Garrick, J.A.F. 1985. Additions to a Revision of the Shark Genus Carcharhinus: Synonymy of Aprionodon and Hypoprion, and Description of a New Species of Carcharhinus (Carcharhinidae). NOAA Technical Report NMFS, 34: 1–26.
Richardson, L.R.; Garrick, J.A.F. 1953a. Dasyatis thetidis Waite, a second species of giant stingray in New Zealand waters. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 81(2): 319-320.
Richardson & Garrick, J.A.F. 1953b. A specimen of Nemichthys (Pisces, Apodes) from New Zealand waters. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 81(3): 467-468. 
Royal Society of New Zealand 1959. The Royal Society of New Zealand half-yearly meeting of the Council, held December 1, 1958, Napier Minutes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 87: 1-20.

Figure caption. Jack Garrick with a 198 cm TL male Echinorhinus cookei from Palliser Bay, the first record of the species from New Zealand and the first outside the type locality (Evening Post, April 21, 1959).



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New Images

Many thanks to the following people for providing images:

Frederik H. Mollen (Elasmobranch Research Belgium) for the images of Dasyatis marmorata (STEINDACHNER, 1892), (ERB 1121, female, 46,9 cm DW, 89,4 cm TL, Turkey)

Pradip Patade, India for a image of a morphological deformation of Brevitrygon imbricata(BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801),  (juvenile, Girgaon Chowpatty, Mumbai, India)

Natascha Wosnick, for several images of Isogomphodon oxyrhynchus (MÜLLER & HENLE, 1839), (young-of-the-year male, Maranhão, Brazil)

Sébastien Enaultwww.kraniata.com/Kraniata Osteology for images of sculls of Isurus oxyrinchus RAFINESQUE, 1810Lamna nasus (BONNATERRE, 1788)and Centroselachus crepidater (BARBOSA DU BOCAGE & DE BRITO CAPELLO, 1864)

Clinton Duffy for the permission to use the image of Etmopterus molleri (WHITLEY, 1939), (16.09.2018, Whakaari / White Island, Bay Of Plenty, New Zealand)

Jaime Penadés-Suay, Associació LAMNA (www.associaciolamna.org), facebook Associació LAMNA, València (Spain) for images of Torpedo marmorata RISSO, 1810  and Torpedo torpedo (LINNAEUS,1758)

Missing papers:

Many thanks to all friends of shark-references, who sent us some missing papers last month!

Shark-References would kindly like to ask you for your contribution to this project.

At the moment we are looking for some of the following papers:

Extinct Chondrichthyes:

CAPPETTA, H. & PFEIL, F.H. & SCHMIDT-KITTLER, N. (2000) New biostratigraphical data on the marine Upper Cretaceous and Palaeogene of Jordan. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 38: 81–95.
MAO, Y. & MA, Q. & FENG, Q. (2013) Discovery of Fish Microremains in the Gufeng Formation at the Luojiaba Section from Jianshi, West Hubei. Acta Micropalaeontologica Sinica, 30 (2): 175–183
MENDIOLA, C. (1996) Rhincodon ferriolensis n. sp. (Neoselachii, Orectolobiformes, Rhincodontidae) del Burdigaliense superior de Elche (Sureste de España). Revista de la Societat Paleontológica d'Elx, 2: 1–6, 2 fig., 1 pl.

MENDIOLA, C. (1999) Myliobatoideos nuevos (Neoselachii, Batomorphii) del Thanesiense ? de oued Zem (Cuenca de los Ouled Abdoun, Marruecos). Revista de la Societat Paleontológica d'Elx, 6: 1–42, 10 fig., pl. 1–12

MENDIOLA, C. & MARTINEZ, J. (2003) La ictiofauna fósil (Chondrichthyes, Euselachii) del Mesozoico y Cenozoico de España. Revista de la Societat Paleontológica d'Elx, 9: 1–103

MENDIOLA, C. (2004) Primera cita española del género Ptychodus AGASSIZ 1839 (Chondrichthyes, Euselachii). Revista de la Societat Paleontológica d'Elx, 13: 1–14

MENDIOLA, C. & LÓPEZ, A. (2005) La ictiofauna fósil (Chondrichthyes, Euselachii) del Serravalliense de Alicante (Sureste de España). Revista de la Societat Paleontológica d'Elx, 14: 1–51

Extant Chondrichthyes:

Please support www.shark-references.com and send missing papers (not listed papers or papers without the info-symbol) to juergen.pollerspoeck@shark-references.com or nicolas.straube@shark-references.com



Upcoming Meetings:


Save the date! 25. - 29. March 2019

The Mexican Society of Cartilaginous Fishes A.C., in coordination with the Planetarium of Playa del Carmen SAYAB, invites to participate in the First Latin American Conference of Sharks, Rays and Chimaeras, and the VIII National Symposium of Sharks and Rays.


5th International Whale Shark Conference (IWSC5) from 28-31 May 2019

From 28-31 May 2019, the town of Exmouth in the Ningaloo Coast World Heritage Area will welcome delegates to the 5th International Whale Shark Conference (IWSC5), a meeting of the world’s leading whale shark scientists, conservationists, natural resource managers and tourism managers. This is the fifth such conference to be held, following on from the successful IWSC4 held in Doha, Qatar in 2016. This meeting is timed to showcase Ningaloo’s world’s best practice whale shark management program and will follow the Ningaloo Whaleshark Festival, an annual community event that celebrates these magnificent animals.
IWSC5 will bring together local scientists, researchers and postgraduate students to interact with international colleagues and collaborators to explore all aspects of whale shark biology and ecology and how this can translate to direct, on-ground conservation efforts. Delegates from around the world will be treated to four days of presentations, workshops, social functions and experiencing the world renowned Ningaloo whale shark tourism industry to forge new relationships and collaborations and debate ideas.
A core focus of IWSC5 will be bringing together end users of the science being presented, such as tourism managers, marine park managers and conservation groups. This will improve the uptake and application of research and help develop collaborations between research scientists and managers and industry.
For further information contact iwsc5@dbca.wa.gov.au. The webpage is under construction, please add to your favourites www.iwsc5.info

Extant Chondrichthyes:

Palaeontologists, and we would argue neontologists too, need systematically useful, high-quality illustrations of the teeth when introducing each new living species. Schematic illustrations of the mouth gape are of little use. Proper photographic documentation of the dentition typically requires teeth to be carefully removed from the jaws to allow close-up photographs of each tooth morphotype in the dentition, possibly even by the use of a scanning electron microscope.

GUINOT, G. & ADNET, S. & SHIMADA, K. & UNDERWOOD, C.J. & SIVERSSON, M. & WARD, D.J. & KRIWET, J. & CAPPETTA, H. 2018 On the need of providing tooth morphology in descriptions of extant elasmobranch species. Zootaxa, 4461 (1): 118–126

image by Jürgen Pollerspöck:
upper row: a lower tooth of an extant Centrophorus granulosus (BLOCH & SCHNEIDER, 1801)
lower row: a lower tooth of Centrophorus aff. granulosus from lower miocene deposits (about 18 Ma old) from Bavaria, Germany

Extinct Chondrichthyes:

KENT, B.W. & WARD, D.J. (2018):
 Addendum: A New Species of Giant Thresher Shark (Family Alopiidae) with serrated teeth. In: The Geology and vertebrate paleontology of Calvert Cliffs, Maryland / edited by Stephen J. Godfrey: 157-160
New species: Alopias palatasi
Abstract: The Neogene has a remarkably complex array of large macrophagous sharks (BWK, this chapter) that is well represented along the eastern United States. Despite extensive research on fossil elasmobranchs in this area, one species of large thresher shark (family Alopiidae) with distinctively serrated teeth has not been previously named.

GINTER, M. (2018): Symmoriiform sharks from the Pennsylvanian of Nebraska. Acta Geologica Polonica, 68 (3): 391–401
New species: Stethacanthus concavus
Abstract: The Indian Cave Sandstone (Upper Pennsylvanian, Gzhelian) from the area of Peru, Nebraska, USA, has yielded numerous isolated chondrichthyan remains and among them teeth and dermal denticles of the Symmoriiformes Zangerl, 1981. Two tooth-based taxa were identified: a falcatid Denaea saltsmani Ginter and Hansen, 2010, and a new species of Stethacanthus Newberry, 1889, S. concavus sp. nov. In addition, there occur a few long, monocuspid tooth-like denticles, similar to those observed in Cobelodus Zangerl, 1973, probably representing the head cover or the spine-brush complex. A review of the available information on the fossil record of Symmoriiformes has revealed that the group existed from the Late Devonian (Famennian) till the end of the Middle Permian (Capitanian).

BURROW, C.J. & TURNER, S. (2018): Stem chondrichthyan microfossils from the Lower Old Red Sandstone of the Welsh Borderland. Acta Geologica Polonica, 68 (3): 321–334
New genus: Jolepis
New species: Altholepis salopensis
Abstract: Placoid and polyodontode scales of stem chondrichthyans have been found in the early Lochkovian “Ditton Group” of the Brown Clee Hill district, Shropshire, England and at Talgarth, south Wales. One of the forms is assigned to a new species of AltholepisKaratajūtė-Talimaa, 1997, a genus already recognised from Lochkovian shallow marine deposits in Celtiberia, Spain and the Northwest Territories, Canada as well as the type locality in Podolia, Ukraine. Altholepis salopensis sp. nov. is based on small polyodontode scales with typically three to eight high odontodes; the scale form was previously considered to belong to acanthodian “Nostolepis”   robusta (Brotzen, 1934). The structure of other scales formerly assigned to “Nostolepis” robusta has led us to erect a new genus Jolepis for this scale form, which differs from Altholepis in lacking an ordered layout of odontodes. Jolepis robusta (Brotzen, 1934), originally (and possibly still) considered to be an acanthodian, is also known from the Baltic countries, Russia, and northern Germany (ex erratic limestones). Scales of acanthodian Parexus recurvus Agassiz, 1845, and/or possibly from the stem chondrichthyan Seretolepis elegans Karatajūtė-Talimaa, 1968 (scales of these two taxa are barely distinguishable), and of stem chondrichthyanPolymerolepis whitei Karatajūtė-Talimaa, 1968 are also present. AltholepisJolepis gen. nov., Seretolepis Karatajūtė-Talimaa, 1968 and Polymerolepis Karatajūtė-Talimaa, 1968 are found in marine deposits elsewhere; the British occurrence of these taxa adds to the debate on the sedimentological origins of the Lower Old Red Sandstone deposits in the Welsh Borderland. The geographic range of several early sharks is now known to extend around the Old Red Sandstone continent and beyond.

no news this month!

PLEASE send your new papers tojuergen.pollerspoeck@shark-references.comor nicolas.straube@shark-references.com   

Latest Research Articles

Extant Chondrichthyes:
ANASTASOPOULOU, A. & MYTILINEOU, C. & MAKANTASI, P. & SMITH, C.J. & KAVADAS, S. & LEFKADITOU, E. & PAPADOPOULOU, K.N. (2018) Life history aspects of two species of the Squalus genus in the Eastern Ionian Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98 (4): 937-948  https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0025315416001818
BRAMEN, C.T. (2018) Assault on Mexican American Collective Memory, 2010-2015: Swimming with Sharks. Journal of American History, 105 (2): 469-470  https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jahist/jay266
BUCKLEY, K.A. & CROOK, D.A. & PILLANS, R.D. & SMITH, L. & KYNE, P.M. (2018) Sustainability of threatened species displayed in public aquaria, with a case study of Australian sharks and rays. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 28 (1): 137–151  https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11160-017-9501-2
CAMERON, L.W.J. & ROCHE, W. & GREEN, P. & HOUGHTON, J.D.R. & MENSINK, P.J. (2018) Transatlantic movement in porbeagle sharks, Lamna nasus. Fisheries Research, 207: 25-27  https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2018.05.014
CAPAPÉ, C. & AYDIN, I. & AKYOL, O. (2018) Morphological deformities and atypical colour pattern in thornback ray, Raja clavata (Elasmobranchii: Rajiformes: Rajidae), from Izmir (Turkey, Aegean Sea, Eastern Mediterranean). Acta Ichthyologica Et Piscatoria, 48 (3): 261–266  https://dx.doi.org/10.3750/AIEP/02399
CÓRDOVA-ZAVALETA, F. & MENDO, J. & BRIONES-HERNÁNDEZ, S.A. & ACUÑA-PERALES, N. & GONZALEZ-PESTANA, A. & ALFARO-SHIGUETO, J. & MANGEL, J.C. (2018) Food habits of the blue shark, Prionace glauca (Linnaeus, 1758), in waters off northern Peru. Fishery Bulletin, 116 (3-4): 310–322  https://dx.doi.org/10.7755/FB.116.3-4.9
DOWNING, N. & LEENEY, R.H. (2018) Smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata Latham, 1794) in the Casamance River, Senegal: A historical perspective. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, in press  https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2951
DRIGGERS, W.B. & CAMPBELL, M.D. & HANISKO, D.S. & HANNAN, K.M. & HOFFMAYER, E.R. & JONES, C.M. & POLLACK, A.G. & PORTNOY, D.S. (2018) Distribution of angel sharks (Squatinidae) in United States waters of the western North Atlantic Ocean. Fishery Bulletin, 116 (3-4): 337-347  https://dx.doi.org/10.7755/FB.116.3-4.11
DUFFY, C.A.J. & TINDALE, S.C. (2018) First observation of the courtship behaviour of the giant devil ray Mobula mobular (Myliobatiformes: Mobulidae). New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 45 (4): 387-394  https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014223.2017.1410850
EHEMANN, N. & GONZÁLEZ-GONZÁLEZ, L. (2018) First record of a single-clasper specimen of Pseudobatos percellens (Elasmobranchii: Rhinopristiformes: Rhinobatidae) from the Caribbean Sea, Venezuela. Acta Ichthyologica Et Piscatoria, 48 (3): 235–240  https://dx.doi.org/10.3750/AIEP/02341
EHEMANN, N.R. & GONZÁLEZ-GONZÁLEZ, L.V. & CHOLLET-VILLALPANDO, J.G. & CRUZ-AGÜERO, J.D.L. (2018) Updated checklist of the extant Chondrichthyes within the Exclusive Economic Zone of Mexico. ZooKeys, 774: 17-39  https://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.774.25028
ENAULT, S. & MUÑOZ, D. & SIMION, P. & VENTÉO, S. & SIRE, J.-Y. & MARCELLINI, S. & DEBIAIS-THIBAUD, M. (2018) Evolution of dental tissue mineralization: an analysis of the jawed vertebrate SPARC and SPARC-L families. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 18: 127  https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12862-018-1241-y
FERRARI, A. & TINTI, F. & BERTUCCI MARESCA, V. & VELONÀ, A. & CANNAS, R. & THASITIS, I. & COSTA, F.O. & FOLLESA, M.C. & GOLANI, D. & HEMIDA, F. & HELYAR, S.J. & MANCUSI, C. & MULAS, A. & SERENA, F. & SION, L. & STAGIONI, M. & CARIANI, A. (2018) Natural history and molecular evolution of demersal Mediterranean sharks and skates inferred by comparative phylogeographic and demographic analyses. PeerJ, 6: e5560  https://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5560
GAILLARD, A.L. & TAY, B.H. & SIRKIN, D.I.P. & LAFONT, A.G. & DEFLORI, C. & VISSIO, P.G. & MAZAN, S. & DUFOUR, S. & VENKATESH, B. & TOSTIVINT, H. (2018) Characterization of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Genes From Cartilaginous Fish: Evolutionary Perspectives. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 12: 607  https://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2018.00607
GRACE, M.A. & AICHINGER DIAS, L. & MAZE-FOLEY, K. & SINCLAIR, C. & MULLIN, K.D. & GARRISON, L. & NOBLE, L. (2018) Cookiecutter Shark Bite Wounds on Cetaceans of the Gulf of Mexico. Aquatic Mammals, 44 (5): 491-499  https://dx.doi.org/10.1578/AM.44.5.2018.491
HUGHES, R. & PEDERSEN, K. & HUSKEY, S. (2018) The kinematics of envenomation by the yellow stingray, Urobatis jamaicensis. Zoomorphology, 137 (3): 409–418  https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00435-018-0404-0
HUVENEERS, C. & WHITMARSH, S. & THIELE, M. & MEYER, L. & FOX, A. & BRADSHAW, C.J.A. (2018) Effectiveness of five personal shark-bite deterrents for surfers. Peerj, 6: e5554  https://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5554
IRIGOYEN, A.J. & DE WYSIECKI, A.M. & TROBBIANI, G. & BOVCON, N. & AWRUCH, C.A. & ARGEMI, F. & JAUREGUIZAR, A.J. (2018) Habitat use, seasonality and demography of an apex predator: sevengill shark Notorynchus cepedianus in northern Patagonia. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 603: 147-160  https://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps12715
KARA, A. & SAGLAM, C. & ACARLI, D. & CENGIZ, O. (2018) Length-weight relationships for 48 fish species of the Gediz estuary, in Izmir Bay (Central Aegean Sea, Turkey). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98 (4): 879-884  https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0025315416001879
LARA-LIZARDI, F. & HOYOS-PADILLA, M. & KETCHUM, J.T. & GALVAN-MAGANA, F. (2018) Range expansion of the whitenose shark, Nasolamia velox, and migratory movements to the oceanic Revillagigedo Archipelago (west Mexico). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 98 (4): 949-953  https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0025315417000108
LEIGH, S.C. & PAPASTAMATIOU, Y.P. & GERMAN, D.P. (2018) Seagrass digestion by a notorious ‘carnivore’. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 285 (1886): 20181583  https://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.1583
MARSHALL, M. (2018) Meg the shark lives again. New Scientist, 239 (3191): 43-43  https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0262-4079(18)31486-6
MOLLEN, F.H. (2018) Checklist anxiety: the case for sharks, skates and rays. Journal of Fish Biology, 93 (1): 163–164  https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfb.13733
NAYLOR, G.J.P. (2018) Shark's DNA should calm the waters. Nature, 561 (7721): 33-33  https://dx.doi.org/10.1038/d41586-018-06125-6
NYKÄNEN, M. & JESSOPP, M. & DOYLE, T.K. & HARMAN, L.A. & CAÑADAS, A. & BREEN, P. & HUNT, W. & MACKEY, M. & CADHLA, O.Ó. & REID, D. & ROGAN, E. (2018) Using tagging data and aerial surveys to incorporate availability bias in the abundance estimation of blue sharks (Prionace glauca). PLoS ONE, 13 (9): e0203122  https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203122
PAJUELO, M. & ALFARO-SHIGUETO, J. & ROMERO, M. & PÁSARA-POLACK, A. & SOLANO, A. & VELA, G. & SARMIENTO, D. & MANGEL, J.C. (2018) Occurrence and Bycatch of Juvenile and Neonate Whale Sharks (Rhincodon typus) in Peruvian Waters. Pacific Science, 72 (4): 463-473  https://dx.doi.org/10.2984/72.4.6
RABEARISOA, N. & SABARROS, P.S. & ROMANOV, E.V. & LUCAS, V. & BACH, P. (2018) Toothed whale and shark depredation indicators: A case study from the Reunion Island and Seychelles pelagic longline fisheries. Plos One, 13 (8): e0202037  https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0202037
REISSIG, J. (2018) Shark predation record on a Green Turtle, Chelonia mydas (LINNAEUS, 1758), in South African waters. Herpetozoa, 31 (1-2): 113-116
RIEUCAU, G. & KISZKA, J.J. & CASTILLO, J.C. & MOURIER, J. & BOSWELL, K.M. & HEITHAUS, M.R. (2018) Using unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) surveys and image analysis in the study of large surface-associated marine species: a case study on reef sharks Carcharhinus melanopterus shoaling behaviour. Journal of Fish Biology, 93 (1): 119-127  https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfb.13645
RODRÍGUEZ-CABELLO, C. & GONZÁLEZ-POLA, C. & RODRÍGUEZ, A. & SÁNCHEZ, F. (2018) Insights about depth distribution, occurrence and swimming behavior of Hexanchus griseus in the Cantabrian Sea (NE Atlantic). Regional Studies in Marine Science, 23: 60-72  https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rsma.2017.10.015
ROSENDE-PEREIRO, A. & CORGOS, A. (2018) Pilot acoustic tracking study on young of the year scalloped hammerhead sharks, Sphyrna lewini, within a coastal nursery area in Jalisco, Mexico. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 46 (4): 645-659  https://dx.doi.org/10.3856/vol46-issue4-fulltext-2
SEN, S. & CHAKRABORTY, S.K. & ZACHARIA, O.U. & DASH, G. & KIZHAKUDAN, S.J. & BHARADIYA, S.A. & GOHEL, J.K. (2018) Reproductive strategy of spadenose shark, Scoliodon laticaudus Muller and Henle, 1839 along north‐eastern Arabian Sea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, in press  https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jai.13794
SPERONE, E. & MILAZZO, C. (2018) On the occurrence of the digenean Otodistomum veliporum in the spiracle of the kitefin shark Dalatias licha. Acta Adriatica, 59 (1): 137-140
STEWART, J.D. & NUTTALL, M. & HICKERSON, E.L. & JOHNSTON, M.A. (2018) Correction to: Important juvenile manta ray habitat at Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. Marine Biology, 165: 151  https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00227-018-3409-9
WILLIAMSON, M.J. & DUDGEON, C. & SLADE, R. (2018) Tonic immobility in the zebra shark, Stegostoma fasciatum, and its use for capture methodology. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 101 (5): 741-748  https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0734-2
YANG, R.Q. & CHEN, Y.L. & CHEN, F. & WANG, H. & ZHANG, Q. & LIU, G.M. & JIN, T. & CAO, M.J. (2018) Purification, Characterization, and Crystal Structure of Parvalbumins, the Major Allergens in Mustelus griseus. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 66 (30): 8150-8159  https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.8b01889
ZIMMERHACKEL, J.S. & ROGERS, A.A. & MEEKAN, M.G. & ALI, K. & PANNELL, D.J. & KRAGT, M.E. (2018) How shark conservation in the Maldives affects demand for dive tourism. Tourism Management, 69: 263-271  https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.06.009

Extinct Chondrichthyes:
BURROW, C.J. & TURNER, S. (2018) Stem chondrichthyan microfossils from the Lower Old Red Sandstone of the Welsh Borderland. Acta Geologica Polonica, 68 (3): 321–334  https://dx.doi.org/10.1515/agp-2018-0010
CAPPETTA, H. & GRANT-MACKIE, J. (2018) Discovery of the most ancient Notidanodon tooth (Neoselachii: Hexanchiformes) in the Late Jurassic of New Zealand. New considerations on the systematics and range of the genus. Palaeovertebrata, 42(1): e1  https://dx.doi.org/10.18563/pv.42.1.e1
CARPENTER, K. & OTTINGER, L. (2018) Permo-Pennsylvanian Shark Teeth from the Lower Cutler Beds Near Moab, Utah. Geology of the Intermountain West, 5: 105–116
EHRET, D.J. & HARRELL, L. (2018) Feeding Traces on a Pteranodon (Reptilia: Pterosauria) Bone from the Late Cretaceous (Campanian) Mooreville Chalk in Alabama, USA. Palaios, 33(9): 414-418  https://dx.doi.org/10.2110/palo.2018.024
GINTER, M. (2018) Symmoriiform sharks from the Pennsylvanian of Nebraska. Acta Geologica Polonica, 68 (3): 391–401  https://dx.doi.org/10.1515/agp-2018-0009
GODFREY, S.J. & ELLWOOD, M. & GROFF, S. & VERDIN, M.S. (2018) Carcharocles-bitten odontocete caudal vertebrae from the Coastal Eastern United States. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 63 (3): 463-468  https://dx.doi.org/10.4202/app.00495.2018
ITANO, W.M. (2018) Arcuodus multicuspidatus Itano & Lambert, 2018 a New Genus and Species of Shark. Trilobite Tales, September, 2018: 18-20
ITANO, W.M. & LUCAS, S.G. (2018) A revision of Campyloprion Eastman, 1902 (Chondrichthyes, Helicoprionidae), including new occurrences from the Upper Pennsylvanian of New Mexico and Texas, USA. Acta Geologica Polonica, 68 (3): 403–419
JOHNSON, G.D. (2018) Orthacanthus platypternus (Cope, 1883) (Chondrichthyes: Xenacanthiformes) teeth and other isolated vertebrate remains from a single horizon in the early Permian (Artinskian) Craddock Bonebed, lower Clear Fork Group, Baylor County, Texas, USA. Acta Geologica Polonica, 68 (3): 421–436  https://dx.doi.org/10.1515/agp-2018-0025
JOHNSON-RANSOM, E.D. & POPOV, E.V. & DEMÉRÉ, T.A. & SHIMADA, K. (2018) The Late Cretaceous Chimaeroid Fish, Ischyodus bifurcatus Case (Chondrichthyes: Holocephali), from California, USA, and Its Paleobiogeographical Significance. Paleontological Research, 22 (4): 364-372  https://dx.doi.org/10.2517/2018PR004
KENT, B.W. (2018) The Cartilaginous Fishes (Chimaeras, Sharks, and Rays) of Calvert Cliffs, Maryland, USA. In: The Geology and vertebrate paleontology of Calvert Cliffs, Maryland / edited by Stephen J. Godfrey: 45-157
KENT, B.W. & WARD, D.J. (2018) Addendum: A New Species of Giant Thresher Shark (Family Alopiidae) with serrated teeth. In: The Geology and vertebrate paleontology of Calvert Cliffs, Maryland / edited by Stephen J. Godfrey: 157-160
MARTINEZ-PEREZ, C. & MARTIN-LAZARO, A. & FERRON, H.G. & KIRSTEIN, M. & DOBOGHUE, P.C.J. & BOTELLA, H. (2018) Vascular structure of the earliest shark teeth. Acta Geologica Polonica, 68 (3): 307–320  https://dx.doi.org/10.1515/agp-2018-0017
WITTS, J.D. & LANDMAN, N.H. & GARB, M.P. & BOAS, C. & LARINA, E. & ROVELLI, R. & EDWARDS, L.E. & SHERRELL, R.M. & COCHRAN, J.K. (2018) A fossiliferous spherule-rich bed at the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary in Mississippi, USA: Implications for the K-Pg mass extinction event in the Mississippi Embayment and Eastern Gulf Coastal Plain. Cretaceous Research, 91: 147-167  https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cretres.2018.06.002

no paper this month!



Sniffing out sharks

Date: September 14, 2018
Source: University of California - Santa Barbara
Summary: Researchers use environmental DNA to detect the presence of white sharks in local waters.
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Basking sharks can jump as high and as fast as great whites

The second-largest fish in the world can swim more than twice as fast as the average man in the Olympic 50m freestyle

Date: September 20, 2018
Source: Trinity College Dublin
Summary: These gentle giants, which can grow up to 10 m in length, have been recorded jumping out of the water as high and as fast as great white sharks. Marine biologists are unsure why they do this, but have pointed to this phenomenon as evidence of how much we still have to learn about marine life

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Mysterious great white shark lair discovered in Pacific Ocean

A scientific mission into the secret ocean lair of California’s great white sharks has provided tantalizing clues into a vexing mystery — why the fearsome predators spend winter and spring in what has long appeared to be an empty void in the deep sea.

A boatload of researchers from five scientific institutions visited the middle-of-nowhere spot between Baja California and Hawaii this past spring on a quest to learn more about what draws the big sharks to what has become known as the White Shark Cafe, almost as if they were pulled by some astrological stimulus.

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